Share of expenditure on research and experimental design works in Kazakhstan amounts to only 0.12% of GDP


In 2020, internal expenditures on R&D amounted to 85.2 billion tenge, which is 3.5% more than a year earlier. For reference, in the previous year, the figure amounted to 82.3 billion tenge, having increased by 14% on-year.

The main costs fall on 3 regions, including Almaty at 37.6% of Kazakhstan, or...